Human capital and green transformation essential for Kazakhstan – EURACTIV.com
Investing in human capital, green transformation and attention to human rights are essential for the successful development of Kazakhstan, stakeholders said at a recent forum in Nursultan.
“Over the past two years, Kazakhstan has undertaken comprehensive political reforms,” said Maulen Ashimbayev, Speaker of the Senate of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan, at the recent Eurasian Media Forum held in the capital of Kazakhstan. country.
In June 2021, Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev signed a decree “On further measures of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of human rights”, which, according to him, represents an important step in the political modernization of the Central Asian countries.
The plan includes the elimination of discrimination against women, the strengthening of freedoms of association and expression, as well as the freedom of life and public order.
Earlier this year, the European Parliament passed a resolution criticizing Kazakhstan for its human rights record, highlighting gender issues, the plight of civil society groups and activists, and demanding the release of detained activists.
Kazakh officials responded that the criticism was unfair and that the EU should not ignore or discourage efforts to improve the country’s human rights record.
Since then, the law on assemblies has been liberalized, emphasizing the willingness of the state to accept an alternative point of view and to provide the necessary facilities for its public demonstration. The rights of the opposition were guaranteed in parliament, women and young people were allocated a quota of 30% on party lists for elections to the Majilis and local representative bodies ”,
Ashimbayev added that other signs of modernization have been the establishment of state institutions and public administration systems, the demarcation of borders and the construction of a new capital.
According to Igor Rogoff, member of the Council of Europe’s Venice Commission for Kazakhstan, the body’s assessment of this reform has been positive.
“We are seeing significant progress in terms of poverty and unemployment rates,” said Yakup Beris, United Nations Development Program (UNDP) resident representative in Kazakhstan.
According to Beris, the country now belongs to a group of countries that are well developed in terms of human capital development, with market and social reforms having been adopted and a social public service built.
Kazakhstan’s Human Development Index (HDI), which is the index used by the United Nations to measure a country’s progress, was 0.825 points in 2019, placing it in 51st place in the table of 189 countries assessed. .
When asked what perspective he would see for the way forward for the country, Beris said that “internally it’s about the kind of economic project that would follow in the future, the kind of skills that would require and that would have a lot of bearing on the type of human capacity would like to produce with his educational system.
“Today, the duration of education in Kazakhstan has increased by 3.8 years, which means that children spend more time in educational institutions and receive a comprehensive and high-quality education,” added Beris.
However, he stressed that green transformation would be essential for the country’s future development, saying that it had so far followed an energy-intensive growth path.
“It requires investing differently in the economy from a green perspective and hoping to generate new types of jobs, as well as income for people,” he added.
[Edited by Alice Taylor]