History of American Cities Hosting the Olympics – NBC New York
This summer’s Tokyo Olympics mark the second time the Japanese capital has hosted, the first having taken place in 1964.
After the Tokyo Games in 2021, the Olympic Games move to Beijing in 2022. Paris should then take over as host of the 2024 Summer Olympics. Milano Cortina and Los Angeles follow as the next hosts. winter and summer 2026 and 2028, respectively.
When the Olympics return to the United States, the host nation will have some experience under its belt. Let’s take a look at the timeline of host US cities throughout Olympic history and a few key moments from each of these Games.
Which American cities have hosted the Olympics?
The United States has hosted the Olympics eight times in Games history – four Summer Games and four Winter Games. In 2028, the Summer Olympics will be held in Los Angeles, making it the ninth time the United States has hosted.
1904 Summer Olympics: St. Louis, Missouri
Chicago initially won the bid to host the first Olympics in the United States. However, the organizers of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition (otherwise known as St. Louis World’s Fair) in Missouri didn’t want another international event to happen in the same amount of time. Thus, the 1904 Olympics were forced to move to Saint-Louis and be part of the World’s Fair.
Various competitions spanned 4.5 months, and the 1904 St. Louis Olympics started the now famous tradition of awarding gold, silver and bronze medals to event winners. Boxing, freestyle wrestling, decathlon, and a barbell event all made their debuts at the 1904 Games.
1932 Winter Olympics: Lake Placid, New York
In 1932, the small town of Lake Placid, NY, hosted the Winter Olympics. More than 350 athletes from 17 countries gathered for the Games officially opened by Franklin D. Roosevelt, then Governor of New York, on February 4.
The 1932 Lake Placid Olympics were the first time a victory podium was used at the Winter Games. Jack Shea, a speed skater from Lake Placid, made history by becoming the first Olympian to win podium gold and becoming the first athlete to win two gold medals at the same Games.
1932 Summer Olympics: Los Angeles, California
Since the location was in a relatively remote area of California, and 1932 was in the midst of the Great Depression, participation in the Los Angeles Olympics was the lowest since 1904 – only half of the number of athletes participated like those who did four years ago. .
Despite low athlete participation, a record American crowd gathered live to attend the opening ceremony at the all-new Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. The Los Angeles Olympics were also historic for another reason: It was the first time in Olympic history that the Games were reduced to just 16 days. Previously, the competition had lasted 79 days.
1960 Olympic Winter Games: Squaw Valley, California
Squaw Valley applied for the International Olympic Committee in 1955 before the station even existed. In fact, Alexander Cushing, a lawyer, was the sole inhabitant and owner of the whole place when he was selected to host the 1960 Olympics.
The 1960 Olympics had many firsts. These are the only Winter Games that do not include a bobsleigh competition due to a lack of participation. Additionally, the Squaw Valley Olympics is where men’s biathlon and women’s speed skating made their debut. This is also where French skier Jean Vuarnet became the first to win a medal by using metal skis instead of wooden skis.
1980 Olympic Winter Games: Lake Placid, New York
Almost 50 years after Lake Placid was first hosted, the Olympics returned in 1980. These were the first Games to use snow machines to create artificial snow to ensure the best possible conditions for its events.
American speed skater Eric Heiden became the first person in Olympic history to win five gold medals in individual events at the same Games when he set records in all five speed skating events from the 500m to the 10,000 m.
1984 Summer Olympics: Los Angeles, California
Los Angeles was the only city to bid on, and therefore chosen, to host the 1984 Summer Olympics. After a US-led boycott of the 1980 Moscow Olympics, the Soviet Union unsurprisingly staged a revenge boycott in 1984. Despite the 14 nations that stayed on the sidelines, 140 National Olympic Committees participated, which was a record at the time.
It was at the 1984 Olympics that rhythmic gymnastics, synchronized swimming, women’s road cycling and the women’s marathon all made their Olympic debuts. It was also where the first paraplegic athlete competed in a medal event when New Zealand archer Neroli Fairhall competed in a wheelchair.
1996 Summer Olympics: Atlanta, Georgia
A dozen years later, the Summer Olympics returned to the United States when Atlanta hosted the 1996 Games. For the first time in the history of the Olympic Games, the 197 recognized National Olympic Committees met there. participated.
After the firing of the cauldron by legendary boxer and activist Muhammad Ali, beach volleyball, mountain biking, light rowing and women’s football, as well as the first sport for women, softball, made their debut Olympic. A record number of athletes from 79 countries won medals at the Atlanta Olympics and 53 countries won gold.
Sadly, these historic Games were marked by tragedy when a terrorist bomb exploded in Centennial Olympic Park, killing two people and injuring 110 others.
2002 Olympic Winter Games: Salt Lake City, Utah
The last Olympic Games held in the United States were in 2002, when Salt Lake City, Utah, hosted the Winter Games.
The Salt Lake City Olympics were a historic event for the black community. American athlete Vonetta Flowers became the first black athlete to win a winter gold medal in the women’s bobsleigh and Canadian ice hockey player Jarome Iginla followed as the first black winner.
2028 Summer Olympics: Los Angeles, California
The next time the Games return to the United States, it will be the 2028 Olympics in Los Angeles.
Originally, the winning bid for the 2028 Games was to be announced in mid-2021. However, after a number of cities withdrew from bids for the 2022 Winter Olympics and 2024 Summer Olympics, the International Olympic Committee decided to jointly award the 2024 and 2028 Games. in July 2017.
The 2028 Los Angeles Olympics will run from July 21 to August 6. The 2028 Games are committed to working to be the first ‘Positive Energy Games’, meaning they generate more energy through efficiency efforts and renewable sources than the energy needed to power them. Olympic Games.
Where were the first Olympics held in the United States?
The first Olympic Games held in the United States were held in the summer of 1904, making it the first time the Games have been held outside of Europe.
It took a few hurdles for the Olympics to eventually land in St. Louis, Mo. The International Olympic Committee initially considered Philadelphia and New York as host cities and decided to award the 1904 Olympics to Chicago before it it was eventually transferred to St. Louis to be combined with the Louisiana Purchase Show.
Chopsticks in the colors of the Olympic rings, ties, crispy rice snacks and, of course, face masks – these are just a few of the things you will find in an official Tokyo 2020 store at the International Broadcasting Center.
Which city in the United States was the first to host a Winter Olympics?
The first city in the United States to host a Winter Olympics was Lake Placid. In 1932, a city in upstate New York with a population of less than 4,000 people hosted the Olympics.
As the country faced an economic depression, Lake Placid Organizing Committee Chairman Godfrey Dewey donated land for the construction of the Olympic bobsleigh track. It also came in handy when the Winter Olympics returned to Lake Placid in 1980.
Have American Cities Hosted the Olympics Twice?
Two cities in the United States have hosted the Olympics twice: Lake Placid and Los Angeles. Lake Placid hosted the Winter Olympics in 1932 and 1980, while Los Angeles hosted the Summer Olympics in 1932 and 1984.
The Los Angeles 2028 Olympics will be the city’s third time to host, making it the first city in North America and the third in the world to do so.
How many times has the United States bid to host an Olympics?
The United States has offered to host the Olympics 55 times in total. Los Angeles leads all cities with 10 nominations, followed by Detroit (7), Lake Placid (6), Philadelphia (4) and Chicago (4).
Which country has hosted the most Olympic Games?
With their eight Games to date, the United States has hosted more Olympics than any other country. France hosted the second highest number with five Olympics. The United States and France will both add to their totals with the Paris 2024 Olympics and the 2028 Los Angeles Olympics.
The Tokyo 2020 Games will be Japan’s fourth Olympics, and Italy will tie them for third after the Milano Cortina 2026 Olympics.